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Skin

Acne

Acne is one of the most common skin diseases. This skin condition results from occlusion of the sebaceous glands on the face and in the upper body by sebum, an oily substance created by these glands. This creates an ideal environment for bacterial growth. Excessive growth of bacteria leads to the appearance of inflammatory skin changes.

Acne can appear in areas where sebaceous glands are most numerous, most commonly on the face, but can occur on the back, shoulders, chest and neck. Acne can occur in the form of comedones, papules, pustules, small nodules and inflamed cysts.

Comedones are non-inflammatory skin changes resulting from the blockage of sebaceous glands, sometimes also called white pimples or blackheads. Papules, pustules, nodes and cysts are inflammatory changes in the skin. They result from bacterial development. One type of bacteria plays an important role in the development of these inflammatory changes and it is called Propyonbacterium acne.

 

Acne can be caused by a number of factors: hormonal changes (especially during puberty and menstrual cycles), stress, hyperactivity of the sebaceous glands and accumulation of dead skin cells, bacteria, skin irritation, anabolic steroids.

Almost every person aged 12-17 has acne (they occur in 80-85% of adolescents). These changes usually completely diminish after the age of 20, but they can last till the age of 30 or even 40, particularly in women (up to 7% of the population in these age groups has some form of acne).

 

Treatment of acne depends on the degree of acne and the severity of skin changes. In milder forms the therapy is applied locally. In moderate to severe forms, systemic therapy supplements local therapy.

 

There are five groups of drugs used to treat acne, and each group has different mechanisms of action: local antibiotics and antiseptics, drugs that interfere with keratinisation, oral antibiotics, contraceptives and vitamin D analogues.

In the mild forms of acne, treatment starts with proper skin care and cleaning with a mild cleaning agent. In addition to this, antibiotics (clindamycin, erythromycin), antiseptics (benzoyl peroxide, aselaic acid) and drugs that prevent keratinisation (adapalene, tazarotene, tretinoin) are used. These drugs can be used alone but provide better results when combined. Cleaning the skin and applying local therapy can remove excess oil and promote skin peeling. This prevents clogging of the follicle openings and the creation of new whiteheads, papules and pustules.

Results of the local acne treatment are visible only after 6-8 weeks. In the event that local therapy does not yield satisfactory results, oral antibiotics can be used. Antibiotics should be taken for a longer period of time, usually for several months. In addition to antibiotics, local treatment is usually carried out. In females with a severe form of acne that does not respond to oral antibiotics and topical therapy, treatment with oral contraceptives should be considered too.

 

In severe forms of acne the analogue of vitamin D (isotretinoin) is applied, which is very effective, but because of possible side effects, this treatment should be conducted under medical supervision. Caution is needed especially in female patients, because these drugs are strictly prohibited during pregnancy.

The role of nutrition in the development and treatment of acne is questionable.

Products

PANTEXOL repair cream 7% ectoin
Pantexol Repair is a medical product that contains ectoin®, a natural molecule that protects cells with its properties for alleviating inflammation and stabilizing membranes. It reduces inflammatory processes, helps in the recovery process of the skin and soothes irritated and damaged skin. It protects the skin's immune system and prevents ageing and skin damage that can arise from exposure to UVA rays. It does not contain colours, scents, preservatives and emulsifiers, and is suitable for infants and children.
NORMIA JUNIOR bags
Normia contains specially selected bacterial cultures Lactobacillus rhamnosus, GG® and Bifidobacterium, BB-12® in the amount of minimally 10⁹ live bacteria capable of reproduction. LGG® and BB-12® are among the best researched strains, especially so in the case of children and pregnant women.